Tropical forests with Afro-Caribbean
In 1502 Christopher Columbus discovered Costa Rica arriving
for the first time to these lands of the tropical humid
forest, with its great exuberance and coral reef clear waters.
Today this natural charm remains, in a region characterized
by the coexistence of diverse cultures that have left their
print on Costa Rican history: Caucasian's, Chinese, the
Indigenous population and the Afro?caribbean. The latter,
with their rich coconut flavored culinary traditions, their
rhythm and their language, offering visitors a very different
experience from the rest of Costa Rica's regions.
|Thanks to the rich flora and
fauna of the region, the variety of aquatic ecosystems and
the black and white sand beaches; the region is ideal to practice
activities focused on nature and sea, among them fishing Tarpon,
Wahoo and the Barracuda; diving in clear waters, and surfing.
Puerto Viejo constitutes one of the main locations for surfing,
where the most avid surfers are attracted to conquer Salsa
Brava, one of the most famous waves in the world, which surprisingly
ends up reaching a height of up to 40 feet. Other prized beaches
are those of playa Bonita, Westfalia and Isla Uvita. White
Water Rafting is another of the region's most popular activities,
thanks to the presence of the mighty Sixaola and Pacuare rivers.
||The Caribbean region embraces the
province of Limón with its principal towns of Guácimo,
Matina, Talamanca, Pococi, Siquirres and Limón. This
last one is the country's port of export. Port Limón
unites with the capital, San Jose, by means of an excellent
highway that takes the visitor through the mountains of Braulio
Carrillo's National Park, amid exuberant landscapes continuing
through tropical banana plantations and farms that produce,
ornamental plants, pejibaye, heart of palm and cocoa, flowing
finally into the beaches of our Caribbean Coast, skirted by
infinite arrays of coconut trees. The region possesses a humid
tropical climate and presents temperature changes that oscillate
from 95° F during the day and 70°F during the night.
The Caribbean Rain Forests reflect the perfect idea of the
tropical forest, with immense evergreen trees, adorned with
lianas and plants of exuberant height. These characteristics,
and the presence of species such as the rainbow?beaked toucan,
the wild turkey, the spider monkey, the opossum and the tapir;
are a results of the presence of a great quantity of fall
throughout the year, with drier periods in the months of April
and October. Coincidentaly, in October the Carnival of Limón
dazzles visitors with its colorful and rhythmical parades
and musical groups.
|Some of the protected wildlife
areas that offer the opportunity to visit the region's rain
forests, as well as their diverse aquatic ecosystems are:
Gandoca-Manzanillo Wildlife Refuge, Hitoy Cerere Biological
Reserve, Cahuita National Park, Barra de Colorado Wildlife
Refuge and Tortuguero National Park. The latter, famous for
the marine turtle arribadas and the natural canals that harbor
threatened species such as the manatee, the otter and the
The Caribbean will always await the visitor
with its exuberance, to explore a national park, to enjoy
the main warm ocean or flavor the delicious "ricen
bean" consisting of rice and beans with coconut oil.